Savanna Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 2(2):124-128
Understanding Demographic Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources among Communities in North-eastern Nigeria
Bakari, A. and Abdullahi, A. S.

Climate change impacts negatively on available water resources in rural communities have achieved greater publicity especially during the middle of this century in Nigeria. This paper investigates the negative impacts of climate change on the available water resources in selected rural areas in North-eastern Nigeria. Some of the selected households are from Kaga and Damagum Local Government Area Councils in Borno and Yobe States respectively. The study collected household survey data from various communities in Kaga and Damagum Local Councils of Borno and Yobe States respectively. The study employed a semi-structured questionnaire for investigating the awareness levels of climate change related problems such as general knowledge about climate change conditions and their effects on communities, concerns about climate change and their sources of water supply, and life time experiences on climate variability in their communities.. Results show that 74% of the households respondents are totally unaware of climate change effects on available water resources, 26% have experienced the effects of climate change. Also, only about 15% of the households surveyed are concerned with the potential effects of climate change in their areas of domain. In addition, majority (67.6%) of the community leaders interviewed have witnessed unusual climate variability conditions in their life time. Lastly, statistical tests show that no significant relationship between households level of education and their awareness about climate change problems (p= 0.07> 0.05). Overall, various households perceptions towards climate change conditions is negative and their level of awareness is very low. This provides a baseline data for climate change mitigation and adaptation decision making by planners, policy makers, and bilateral organisations as well as other external stakeholders in providing sustainable environmental management policies.