Savanna Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 3(2):164-166
Comparison of Potassium bromate (KBrO3) Content in Bread of Nigeria and Niger Republic
Abba, A., Umar K. J, Umar, S. W. , Bello Y. K., Umar A.

It is estimated that 92 % of Nigerian bread contains potassium bromate (KBrO3) despite its banned in bread in 2004. However, many bakers still use it as an additive in bread although it’s harmful on human health. It is, therefore, worthy of evaluating and comparing the KBrO3 content of Nigerian bread and that of Niger republic. The method of evaluation used to estimate the content in this research was the spectrophotometric method. The result of qualitative test revealed that none of the bread contained KBrO3 from Niger republic while all the Nigerian samples showed positive to the test. The quantitative analysis on the Nigerian bread sample further reveals significant variations (p < 0.05) in the concentration of bread from different bakeries in Kamba metropolis, Kebbi State, Nigeria. The concentrations of bread sample A – E obtained in Kamba are 20.32, 11.67, 11.13, 9.86 and 5.54 µg/g, respectively. The bromate content in the Nigerian bread is above permissible level (0.02µg/g) set by the National Agency for Food Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC).