Savanna Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 1(1):64 - 69
Prevalence of Urinary Schistosomiasis in Two Selected Communities of Shinkafi Local Government Area, Zamfara State, Nigeria
Ladan, M. U., Bunza, M. D. A., Karaye, I. U., Mainasara, M. M., Nasir, M., S. M. Yelwa and Salihu, A.

This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and intensity of urinary schistomiasis in two villages of Shinkafi Local Government Area, Zamfara state. A total of two hundred (200) urine samples were examined for the eggs of Schistosoma haematobium using standard filtration technique. The overall prevalence of 48.5% was obtained in this study. However, the highest prevalence of 58.00% was recorded in Shanawa. For gender-specific prevalence, males were found to have the highest prevalence of 49.29%, and people within the age group of 11-20 years had the highest prevalence of 55.55%. The mean eggs count for the whole study area was 87.03 eggs/10ml of urine. Shanawa had the highest mean eggs count of 132.17 eggs/10ml than the other village. The age-specific intensity showed that age group 1120 years had the highest mean egg count of 103.24 eggs/10ml. In sex-specific intensity, the highest mean eggs count was recorded in males 88.41 eggs/10ml than in females with 86.50 eggs/10ml. This study indicates that, the study area is endemic for urinary schistosomiasis and therefore, there is the need for Government intervention to effectively treat and control the disease in the area.