Savanna Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 1(2):154-159
Assessment of Nutritional Status of Children in Birnin Kebbi Orphanage Home, Kebbi State, Nigeria
Yusuf, A. B., Turaki, A. A., Abubakar, J. and Yau, S. L.

Nutritional assessment is the process used to evaluate nutritional status, identify disorders of nutrition, and determine which individuals need nutrition instruction and or nutrition support. The current study was conducted in Birnin Kebbi Orphanage Home to assess dietary pattern and nutritional status of the children. A questionnaire was used to collect data on socio -economic status, hygiene practices; 3-day and 24-hour foods re-call. Body parts were measured and examined for signs of malnutrition. Blood samples were collected to evaluate some biochemical and haematological parameters. Data were subjected to descriptive statistics and Students t-test using SPSS version 20 and ENA SMART software. The prevalence of stunting, wasting, and underweight was 60 Percent, 25 Percent, 37.5 Percent respectively. A few of the children (7.5 Percent) had a MUAC less than 11.5cm while 7.5 Percent had between 11.5- 12.5cm (Acute malnutrition). Physical signs of protein energy malnutrition were observed in 60 Percent of the children, while conjunctiva pallor was noticed in 30 Percent and angular stomatitis in 2.5 Percent of the children. Biochemical analysis revealed that 58.82 Percent have low serum total protein, while 52.9 Percent have low serum albumin and 29.41 Percent were anaemic. All the children have low levels of total cholesterol, while (52.94 Percent) have low levels of HDL and 17.64 Percent have low levels of triglyceride. Dietary pattern reveals that starchy cereals account for a greatest percentage of the foods consumed by the children. The current study has established sub optimal nutritional status among the children in the orphanage, which may be attributed to poor infant and young child feeding practices.