ISSN: 2695-2335

SAVANNA JOURNAL OF BASIC AND APPLIED SCIENCES

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Savanna Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 1(2):239-247
Survey on Medicinal Plants Used in Traditional Maternal Health Care in Selected Areas of Kastina State, Nigeria
Mainasara M. M. and Khadijah K. R.

ABSTRACT
The health of the mother determines the health of the child, indigenous methods have been in use since ages in maternal health care both before and after the delivery. The present study is an attempt to document plants use for maternal health care in some selected Local Government of Katsina State Nigeria. A total of 300 questionnaires were distributed among 3 local governments each with 100 copies. Sixteen medicinal plants belonging to different families and genera were recorded. Most of the reported plants belong to the family Fabaceae (25%), Asteraceae and Malvaceae (12.5%) each while the remaining families had 6.25% each. Acacia nilotica and Gueirasenegalensis had the highest Relative Frequency of Citation (RFC) and Fidelity Level (FL) of 0.89; 92% and 0.79; 90% respectively. Most of the documented plants (68.47%) were herbs and shrubs and about 84.68% of the surveyed plants were wild. Leaves were the most frequently used (32.14%) plant's part. Most of the medications (32%) were prepared as decoctions and preparations are mostly taken orally (84.68%). Majority of the cures are set up from single plant species and taken orally. A large portion of the therapeutic plants are wild plants. This study is important to preserve the knowledge of medicinal plants for maternal health care used by local people. The outcome obtained in the study are worth being further investigated for conservation strategies and for proof scientifically

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