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Savanna Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 2(1):74-80
The Use of Indigenous Knowledge in Drought Disaster Forecasting in Northern Katsina State
Abdulrashid L.

ABSTRACT
Indigenous knowledge is sum of facts that are known or learned from experience or acquired through observation and study and passed down from generation to generation. Indigenous knowledge of drought forecasting is among the local knowledge gained by the present generation from the past generation. This work attempts to investigate the indigenous knowledge used by the communities of semi-arid areas of Katsina state in forecasting/predicting the risk of drought disaster. Data were collected through semi-structured interview with purposefully selected respondents and Focus Group Discussion. It was found that indigenous knowledge of disaster monitoring, prediction and early warning is based on the observation of behaviors of animals, birds, insects, shrubs, trees, wind, temperature, and cloud among others. Even though, the communities of northern Katsina state face many natural hazards challenges, drought is among the major disaster experience over the years by the communities, hence, they have evolved indigenous ways that helped them not only in predicting these natural disasters but also in devising techniques and mechanism of dealing with them. Documentation of disaster risk reduction information and development of disaster risk reduction policy were recommended to deal with the situation.